5 Tips To Exam Success

>> Wednesday, April 11, 2012

Ever step into an examination hall not knowing what to expect, feeling so unprepared or whatever you've studied throughout the night seems to have gone missing all of a sudden? Fret not, with these 5 simple exam tips; it will arm you with the right strategies and mentality to enter the examination hall filled with confidence and ready to take on the challenge.
I strongly believe that there is no such thing as pure luck in examination and the only way we can do well is to be prepared. So what I'm about the share with you are tips that will enable you to empower yourself in preparations for the exam.

Tip 1 - Create a study schedule. Well, this may sound like a no brainer, sadly, not everyone is doing it. The key in creating a study schedule is so as to give priority to subjects that you are slightly weaker in so that you can practice the questions more. You should also never be complacent with subjects that you are confident or less worried about, allocate a period especially for them. A well prepared study schedule also allows you to have a work life balance, and more importantly helping you to understand the subject you're studying better.

Tip 2 - Use a mind map. Mind maps are very powerful tool which many refuse to believe or have yet to experience. Mind maps allow you to summarize the whole chapter or subject within a single sheet of paper. Would you rather be flipping through pages after pages of long textbooks essays or have the whole textbook sized down to 10 A4 pages? I would definitely choose the latter. Drawing mind maps enables you to digest the key concepts in the chapter and helps in linking up ideas or procedures, depending on the subject you're on. This method not only helps in saving time, but more importantly to allow you to understand it quickly when you browse through your own mind maps, for you are none the wiser.

Tip 3 - Study beforehand. Many people that I've came across are very skeptical and complacent when it comes to studying before the lecturer or professor teaches. Common replies are, "He's going to teach tomorrow, why start earlier?" or "I wouldn't have understood anything if I studied on my own." These are common excuses and I can always counter that by saying, "if you don't understand it, will it make a difference when the lecturer is teaching you the same thing you were going to read?" The importance in studying beforehand is so as to give you a general idea on what is about to be taught, to grasp the concept with the help of a mind map. By not reading up, you are equally clueless when then lecturer is going through the lesson. Remember, prior knowledge always help in your understanding.

Tip 4 - Make a list of questions. Always jot down on a separate note pad should you have any questions when going through your own revision, this is important as it serves as a constant reminder that these are the burning questions that you have to get answers to. By listing questions, you commit yourself into doing whatever it takes to get those answers you desire. You should never highlight questions on your textbook as it will confuse you when you've understood them already.

Tip 5 - Stay committed and share. The above tips can only be useful if you are committed to do them every single day. Creating a study schedule can be easy, but I cannot say the same for being committed to it. We all know how powerful distractions like Facebook, YouTube or 9gag can be. Hence, to want to do well, we must always maintain focus at our end state and vision how we want to enjoy our academic success. Now sharing, by helping fellow mates should they have any questions, allows you to realize that you might have left out some important concepts. I strongly believe that by teaching, we are learning at the same time too.

Now, these 5 empowering tips as mentioned earlier are meant to help you prepare for an examination and not to be used as a last minute guide. When you have painstakingly committed yourself to the above strategies, I can assure you that you will be well prepared for any paper you are about to take. Motivate yourself to make the best out of the limited time we all have and not fall into the temptations of Facebook, etc. With that, I wish you all the best in your academic success.

Improve Your Exam Success

Most people dislike exams and could use a few exam tips to help them achieve better exam success. Almost everyone these days has to take exams. Whether we agree with it or not our society places so much emphasis on the importance of exams. And yet, despite this, many people have never really been told about how to pass exams and achieve exam success. After marking thousands of exam papers I've come realise how few people really know how achieve their true potential exam success.

Most peoples experience of exam tips probably extends to having been told to work hard so that they will remember a whole bunch of stuff on exam day. In itself that advice is not terribly useful. It doesn't tell you how you're going to rememer that stuff, or what steps you need to take to ensure you are well prepared when it comes to exam time. How can you ever reach your true potential exam success if you don't know how to revise effectively, how to prepare yourself, or what approach to take to your exam paper on exam day?
I've seen education both as a student, a university teacher and an examiner. A few years ago, and ten years after completing my formal education, I did a part-time course in mathematics, and then later another in animal behaviour. At the time I was working full-time, so studying was confined to evenings and weekends. It was only then that I really discovered and appreciated the importance of study and exam technique. By following some simple guidelines I completed the courses and gained distinctions. If only I'd knew about these techniques the first time round. If only all students could follow the guidelines.
If you are serious about achieveing exam success you need to find out about exam and revision technique well in advance of any exams. Here are a few exam tips about some revision techniques, to get you started, and thinking about how to achieve exam success:
Try to compile revision summaries throughout the course, not just at the end of it.
Don't confuse making a neat copy of your notes with revision. Such an exercise is likely to takes lots of time and you may well still have little idea of what's in your notes when you've completed it! You'll remember things better if you understand them. To make revision summaries divide each subject into topics and list the headings under each topic. In this way you'll be creating an index of what needs revising as well as dividing your revision into easy to manage sections. Make revision notes of the key points for each heading. Use lesson summaries to guide you, if these were provided.
Condense your notes by creating a list of headings with keywords for each point, selecting the most important points. You might want to make your revision notes as a series of summary cards.
Some people remember better if they visualize what they are memorizing. If that's you then make visually memorable notes: use colour, diagrams and mind maps, for example. You might even consider putting up posters of key information around your home.
Note down each topic on your revision plan, to ensure that everything's allotted revision time.
Try to answer practice questions using only your revision notes. If you can't then modify your notes. When you're happy that you can answer questions from your notes revise from these.Eventually you should try and answer questions without the aid of your notes.
At least once you should simulate an exam situation with 'a set and timed examination paper'. The paper should be as near to the true exam format as possible. The easiest way to ensure this is so is to use a past exam or sample paper. This "mock" exam will not only test how much you know but also get you more used to the "exam atmosphere", helping to reduce your anxiety about the "real thing".
Evaluate answers by checking them against your notes. Re-revise this information.
To learn much more about how to pass exams and exam success I strongly recommend following this comprehensive exam guide. It is being offered at an introductory price of only $3: for exam help that might help you shape the rest of your future that really can't be bad! The guide includes advice on how to get prepared during your course, when to start revising, how use notes to revise, how to prepare for oral and practical exams, how to prepare for your exam day, tackle the exam paper on the day, and what to do afterwards.
Whatever you're studying this guide can help you maximize your chances of exam success. Let an experienced teacher and examiner give you more exam tips and adopt appropriate revision and exam techniques. You too should be given the chance to have exam success!

Latihan Soal Kimia Unas SMA 2012

>> Tuesday, October 4, 2011

There are three significant reasons to study chemistry. First, chemistry has an important practical application in society. The development of life-saving drugs is one, and a complete list would touch upon most areas of modern technology.
Finally, chemistry figures prominently in other fields, such as in biology, in the advancement of medicines. Chemistry in every field as a useful intellectual tool for making important decisions.
The role of chemistry in the prevailing society is of enormous benefits. Chlorine has become an important commercial chemical. Today chlorine has turned into the main eement of producing more then one thousand chlorine compounds, which are of great importance in chemical industry, producing Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) as plastics for pipes. Other Chlorine compound are used as bleaching agent, disinfectants, solvents, pesticides, refrigerants, flame retardant and drugs.
Cholera, typhoid fever and dysentery are dengerous diseases, transmitted through impure drinking water. All such water - borne diseases are all but eliminated from most of the part of the world, when water supplies are treated with chlorine which kill pathogenic (disease-causing) organism. Chemistry plays an important role in the modern world. For example food, synthetic, plastics, medecines, soap, detergents, cometics, fertilizers, glass and explosives are the major gift of chemistry.

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The applications of chemistry are much like the science itself, undergoing constant changes. chemistry is an extremely practical science of enviroment, providing our everyday needs of food, clothing and shelters. Using chemistry we have discovered pharmaceutical chemical that enhance potantials of harming our health or the environment. It is in our best interest as educated citizens and consumers to understand the profound effect, both positive and negative thats chemicals have on our lives.
We use fluoride compounds such as SnF2, Na2 PO4. F(Sodium fluoro phosphate) and NaF in our tooth pastes to protect and control tooth decay. It is a great beneficence of chemistry on the society.


Latihan Soal Ekonomi Unas SMA 2012

The global economy continues to show signs of slowing down, causing many economists to fear and warn of a second round of credit tightening and a double dip or perhaps triple dip recession. Many investors continue to be spooked and remain on the fence, uncertain of whether to put their hard-earned money in the stock market or whether to seek out safer havens such as bonds. What is certain is this: uncertainty remains ahead.

Recent reports and data such that manufacturing in particular in places such as the European Union (particularly the United Kingdom) as well in China was down, weaker than was even anticipated and forecast. Service industry jobs also in Europe were seen to be experiencing a downturn as well. This data comes in tandem the with U.S. Federal Reserve Bank sounding alarm bells recently warning the economy of the United States is facing significant risk of backsliding, receding faster than a middle-aged man's hairline. Adding to the grief is the fact that the prices and values of commodities such as pork bellies as well as stocks are down worldwide.
What is clear now to financial experts and analysis as well as political pundits is that there is a very real economic skid that is taking place now. Let us hope that another terrorist event such as 9/11 does not occur again. That would truly be the last straw that broke the camel's back. The fact is that we now live in a time of a truly global economy. It is no longer a dream or aspiration. It is now reality. A slowdown (or uptick) in one country's economy can have ripple effects that can either be positive or negative.

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Where we are today is that even in the traditionally strongest economies in Europe (those of Germany and France), economic growth has stalled to near flat-line levels. Now we are not saying that a lost decade such as what was experienced by Japan is possible, but clearly now is the time to take stock of one's financial standing and shore up one's footing and move to more solid ground. Uncertainty in financial markets can cause a downturn in manufacturing. A slowdown in durable goods order in the manufacturing sector can cause the stock market to drop, etc.
Therefore, let us keep watchful eyes on world economic events and hope for the best.


Latihan Soal Geografi Unas SMA 2012

In 1984, the National Council for Geographic Education and the Association of American Geographers jointly formulated the statement on the five themes of geography. The creation of the five themes of geography has since be supplanted by the National Geography Standards, but still provides an excellent base to facilitate and organize the teaching of geography in grades K-12.

The first of the five themes of geography is that of location. Location is the study of where the feature sits either relatively or absolutely. It may be a listing of latitude and longitude or GPS system coordinates. Street address are also an absolute location, as is a township and range. The first of the five themes of geography can also be relational. An example is the statement that "Seattle, Washington is north of Portland, Oregon."

The second element of the five themes of geography is that of place. This portion of the five themes of geography describes places in terms of both the humans and the physical characteristics of the site. The human side of the equation includes the effects which humans have had on the land and surroundings. This might be cultural, architectural, occupational and recreational use of the land and even transportation systems. The physical aspect of the five themes of geography describes mountain, lakes, rivers and deserts as well and the plant and animal life which occupies the space.

This category of the five themes of geography describes how humans both modify and adapt to their environment. Humans have reshaped the land, changed the flow of rivers, dug the Panama Canal. All these are examples of the human-environment interaction portion of the five themes of geography.

This theme of the five themes of geography studies the movement of humans across the face of the earth. It can include ideas, resources, communications as well as fads and durable goods. The entire picture and history of human emigration and movement across the surface of the planet forms the basis for the fourth of the five themes of geography.

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Finally, the fifth of the five themes of geography describes a place in terms of its position on the surface of the earth. Regions can be formal, such as cities, counties, states or countries. The boundaries are wide known and generally understood. Regions can be functional, such as describing the coverage area for cell phone service. The third type of region does not have precise boundaries, but is generally understood from a mental map we have learned over the years. . Different age and grade levels can absorb different levels of these themes at any one time. Typically the younger age groups will begin with themes one and will master the states of the United States, or the State Capital of their home state.


Latihan Soal Sosiologi Unas SMA 2012

The development of sociology was born out of two revolutions: the French Revolution of 1789, and the Industrial revolution. Both of these events destroyed all previous social norms and created a new social organization: the modern industrial society. In particular, the French Revolution destroyed not only the political and social foundations of France, but almost every country in Europe and the North Americas. Ideas of liberty and equality were put into practice, setting the stage for a completely new social and political order. These changes also represented the victory for the downtrodden in France, and the beginnings of societies in other countries based on the individual and individualism. A new class of people, emboldened by what happened in France, appeared on the political stages of Europe and North America and were not afraid to fight for their rights as citizens and human beings.

The concept of modernity came about when classical theorists needed to understand the meaning and significance of the Twin Revolutions and the effects of industrialization, urbanization, and political democracy on rural societies. The term 'modernity' was coined to capture these changes in progress by contrasting the "modern" with the "traditional." Modernity referred to a world constructed anew through the active and conscious intervention of individuals. In modern societies, the world is experienced as a human construction, an experience that gives rise to a new sense of freedom and to a basic anxiety about the openness of the future.
Modernity consists of three elements: traditional, institutional, and cultural. Traditional modernity means that there is a historical consciousness, a sense of breaking with the past, and a post-traditional consciousness of what is going on in the world. Institutional modernity is concerned with capitalism, industrialism, urbanism, and the democratic nation-state. Cultural modernity entails new beliefs about science, economics, and education. It involves a criticism of religion and separation of religion from politics and education.
A new social science was created in the wake of these events and was given the name 'sociology' by Auguste Comte, a French philosopher and he is thought of as the founder of modern sociology. Sociology is not only about intellect, but is connected with developments in the social world and changes in society. One reason why sociology is different than the other social sciences is that it attempts to describe different sets of social forces that develop in a society at different times and places, with different actors and results. As societies change, it is the nature of these changes that sociologists attempt to explain, and it is the changes themselves that lead to different explanations of these changes.
For example, Marx's political-economic theory is an explanation of nineteenth century capitalism as it developed in Britain. Weber's analysis of bureaucracy and rationalization could not have emerged much sooner than it did, because the bureaucratic structures and the forces of rationalization had not developed all that much before Weber's time. And Durkheim's analysis of the changing division of labor could take place only once some of the economic and social trends of modern, industrial societies became apparent. The same is true today: as society changes and becomes more modern, new sociological theories and approaches are developed in an attempt to understand and explain these changes.
Marx, Weber, and Durkheim had different views on modernity. For Marx, modernity is capitalism and he felt that the ideal of true democracy is one of the great lies of capitalism. He thought that the only ideas that came out of a capitalist society was alienation, class conflict, and revolution. He also thought that capitalism will be eventually destroyed by revolution. Humans participate in their own oppression through false conscious, any belief, idea, or ideology that interferes with an exploited and oppressed person or group being able to perceive the objective nature and source of their oppression.

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Weber construes modernity as rationalization, bureaucratization, and the "Iron Cage." For him, the history of modernization was increased rationalization. Everything humans depend on would be controlled by large capitalist bureaucratic organizations.

Durkheim saw modernity as moral order, anomie and the decline of social solidarity. In his analysis of modernity, there is a breakdown of social values, the breaking down of traditional social order. Anomie is a transitional problem, lacking moral regulation. Increased egotism is also a problem. All three of these classic theorists had a very critical view of modern capitalism and society.


Latihan Soal Biologi Unas SMA 2012

Biology plays a key role in industrialization and other sectors of the economy. In general, the importance of biology to humanity can be outlined as follows:
(i) The learning of biology helps us to know how to use natural resources more efficiently in industry e.g. in bio-technology, food production, building and textile and paper industries.
(ii) The learning of biology helps us to understand changes in the environment and the factors affecting these changes, in order to know how human needs are influenced.
(iii) The learning of biology is important in helping mankind to find effective ways of preventing, treating and curing diseases and home management techniques e.g. better methods of food preservation, efficient food preparation and care of the family.

(iv) The learning of biology is important in helping the improvement of agricultural yields through scientific research.
There has been public outcry and concern by parents, teachers, educationists in Kenya about poor performance in science subjects and mathematics in national examinations.
But do you know the biology teacher has a role to play in this poor performance?
Biology as a science subject requires an integration of both theoretical and practical work to make it easily understood by the students. The largest proportion of teachers still use the conventional lecture method while teaching biology.
Teacher expectations have a bearing on the attitude and science anxiety levels of the learners particularly when the learners are aware of the level of expectation the teacher has of them.
In relation to the teaching and learning of biology, attitudes begin to develop on the first encounter between the teacher and the learner, once formed they play a key role in determining students' learning and performance in biology.
Authoritarian and impersonal teacher- student interaction in class could be the major factor that contributes to negative attitude of the students towards learning biology. On the other hand, democratic and personal teacher-student interaction in class elicits positive attitude towards learning biology
The teaching approach, methodology and how the professional skills and practices of the teacher are displayed may be dependent on the level of science anxiety the biology teacher has.

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A teacher who suffers from career dissatisfaction is likely to contribute negatively in terms of performance of the learners in biology; this is because the teacher will have lower self-efficacy and high levels of anxiety. This kind of teacher is likely to develop negative attitude towards the students and his/her interaction with the students will be negative and this may contribute to a negative attitude of the students towards biology with the likelihood of the students developing high levels of anxiety towards the subject.
Therefore, teacher perceptions, teaching methods applied, the type of teacher -pupil classroom interactions, teacher expectations of students in terms of performance and science anxiety levels of the teachers- partly contributed by lack of job dissatisfaction or satisfaction are the key factors that influence performance in biology in Kenyan secondary schools.


Latihan Soal Fisika Unas SMA 2012

All measurements in physics, even of such things as electric current, are related to the three chosen fundamental quantities of length, mass and time. Until about the year 1800, workers in various countries used different systems of units. Thus, while the English used inches, a continental scientist would measure lengths in centimeters. Fortunately, this unsatisfactory situation has now been changed by the efforts of various international committees of scientists who have met for discussion regularly over many years.
In 1960 the General Conference of Weights and Measures recommended that everyone should use a metric system of measurement called the International System of Units (abbreviated SI in all languages). The SI units are derived from the earlier MKS system, so called because its first three basic units are the meter (m), the kilogram (kg), and the second (s).

Measurement of length
The SI unit of length is the meter. Originally defined as the distance, at 0 C. between two lines on a platinum-iridium bar kept at the International Office of Weights and Measures at Sevres near Paris. Copies of this standard were sent to other countries. Now the trouble with metal standards of this kind is that they are liable to undergo minute changes in length as the years go by. For instance, tests have shown that the imperial standard yard has shrunk by a few parts in a million since it was made in 1845. Small though this error is the exacting requirements of modern science demand something better. The standard meter is, of course, open to the same objection. In 1983 the General Conference of Weights and Measures redefined the meter as the length of the path traveled by light in a vacuum during a time interval of 1/299 792 458 of a second.

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For most practical purposes we still have to use metal standards which are checked by an interference comparator and this uses the wavelength of light. However some simple experiments for measuring the wavelength of light.
Various other metric units of length are related to the meter by either multiples or sub multiples of 10. 1 kilometer (km) = 1000 meters (m)
1 meter (m) = 100 centimeters (cm)
1 centimeter (cm) = 10 millimeters mm)
Very small lengths are measured in micrometers (.tm) and nanometers (nm).
1 meter = 1 000 000 (or l06)?m
= 1 000 000 000 (or 109)nm
For day-to-day work in elementary physics laboratories we use meter and half-meter rules made of boxwood. They are graduated in centimeters and millimeters. Care should he taken to avoid damage to the ends of these rules, as they do not have a short un-graduated portion at the ends to take the wear. Owing to the thickness of the wood, the eye must always be placed vertically above the mark being read, in order to avoid errors due to parallax millimeter scale giving a reading of 28 cm 3 mm. Since, in science, we invariably use decimals rather than fractions, we write this as 28:35 cm.



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